Furthermore, we regressed both gender and academic experience as possible external correlates that could account for the change in the two theoretical frameworks. Two hundred and fifty-two females, males university students were administered Likert-scale inventories on three occasions. SPSS AMOS showed a few major findings--notably, for example, the negative impact of academic experience on the change in self-efficacy and the positive impact of academic experience on the initial states of self-efficacy and surface learning approach.
Early Adulthood: This period of life is often marked by forming and maintaining relationships. Forming bonds, intimacy, close friendships, and starting a family are often critical milestones during early adulthood.
Those who can build and sustain such relationships tend to experience connectedness and social support while those who struggle with such relationships may be left feeling alienated and lonely. People facing such issues might seek the assistance of a developmental psychologist in order to build healthier relationships and combat emotional difficulties.
Middle Adulthood: This stage of life tends to center on developing a sense of purpose and contributing to society. Erikson described this as the conflict between generativity and stagnation. Those who engage in the world, contribute things that will outlast them, and leave a mark on the next generation emerge with a sense of purpose.
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Activities such as careers, families, group memberships, and community involvement are all things that can contribute to this feeling of generativity. Old Age: The senior years are often viewed as a period of poor health, yet many older adults are capable of remaining active and busy well into their 80s and 90s. Increased health concerns mark this period of development, and some individuals may experience mental declines related to dementia.
Erikson also viewed the elder years as a time of reflection back on life.
Those who are able to look back and see a life well lived emerge with a sense of wisdom and readiness to face the end of their lives, while those who look back with regret may be left with feelings of bitterness and despair. Developmental psychologists may work with elderly patients to help them cope with issues related to the aging process. To determine if a developmental problem is present, a psychologist or other highly trained professional may administer either a developmental screening or evaluation.
If a problem is found to be present, the patient may then be referred to a specialist such as a speech-language pathologist, physical therapist, or occupational therapist.
Receiving a diagnosis of a developmental issue can often feel both confusing and frightening, particularly when it is your child who is affected. Once you or your loved one has received a diagnosis of a developmental issue, spend some time learning as much as you can about the diagnosis and available treatments. Prepare a list of questions and concerns you may have and discuss these issues with your doctor, developmental psychologist, and other healthcare professionals who may be part of the treatment team.
By taking an active role in the process, you will feel better informed and equipped to tackle the next steps in the treatment process. Have you ever wondered what your personality type means? Sign up to get these answers, and more, delivered straight to your inbox. More in Theories. Developmental Psychology Theories. Developmental Psychologists.
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Developmental Stages. Developmental Disorder Diagnosis. View All. Some of the many issues that developmental psychologists may help patients deal with include:.
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Complexity of the Self
Abstract The constructive in the sense of construing and developmental but throughout the lifespan framework, whose conceptual roots lie in the work of Piaget, outlines the holistic personality process of systems of making meaning, systems that organize human thought, feeling, and action. Citing Literature. Volume 58 , Issue 5 January Pages Related Information. Close Figure Viewer.